Tianjin University Online Judge
Contests Virtual Contests Problems Submit Runs Status Rank List Forum

3122.   Perfect Election
Time Limit: 10.0 Seconds   Memory Limit: 65536K
Total Runs: 384   Accepted Runs: 144

In a country (my memory fails to say which), the candidates {1, 2, ..., N} are running in the parliamentary election. An opinion poll asks the question "For any two candidates of your own choice, which election result would make you happy?". The accepted answers are shown in the table below, where the candidates i and j are not necessarily different, i.e. it may happen that i = j. There are M poll answers, some of which may be similar or identical. The problem is to decide whether there can be an election outcome1 that conforms to all M answers. We say that such an election outcome is perfect. The result of the problem is 1 if a perfect election outcome does exist and 0 otherwise.

Write a program that reads sets of data from an input text file. Each data set corresponds to an instance of the problem and starts with two integral numbers: 1 ≤ N ≤ 1000 and 1 ≤ M ≤ 1000000. The data set continues with M pairs ±i ±j of signed numbers, 1 ≤ i, jN. Each pair encodes a poll answer as follows:

Accepted answers to the poll question Encoding
I would be happy if at least one from i and j is elected. +i +j
I would be happy if at least one from i and j is not elected. -i -j
I would be happy if i is elected or j is not elected or both events happen. +i -j
I would be happy if i is not elected or j is elected or both events happen. -i +j

The input data are separated by white spaces, terminate with an end of file, and are correct. For each data set the program prints the result of the encoded election problem. The result, 1 or 0, is printed on the standard output from the beginning of a line. There must be no empty lines on output. An example of input/output is shown below.

Sample Input

3 3 +1 +2 -1 +2 -1 -3
2 3 -1 +2 -1 -2 +1 -2
2 4 -1 +2 -1 -2 +1 -2 +1 +2
2 8 +1 +2 +2 +1 +1 -2 +1 -2 -2 +1 -1 +1 -2 -2 +1 -1

Sample Output



For the first data set the result of the problem is 1; there are several perfect election outcomes, e.g. 1 is not elected, 2 is elected, 3 is not elected. The result for the second data set is justified by the perfect election outcome: 1 is not elected, 2 is not elected. The result for the third data set is 0. According to the answers -1 +2 and -1 -2 the candidate 1 must not be elected, whereas the answers +1 -2 and +1 +2 say that candidate 1 must be elected. There is no perfect election outcome. For the fourth data set notice that there are similar or identical poll answers and that some answers mention a single candidate. The result is 1.

Source: Southeastern European 2008
Submit   List    Runs   Forum   Statistics

Tianjin University Online Judge v1.3.0
Maintance:Fxz. Developer: SuperHacker, G.D.Retop, Fxz